Prosperity 32304

Turning Hope into Opportunity

TCC understands how poverty effects achieving one’s own potential. We see it every day.

Not only does TCC’s main campus reside in 32304, of our three-county service district, Gadsden County ranks highest for food insecurity of the Florida's 67 counties, and Leon ranks third. 51% of our students are first in their family to attend college, 69% of our students are on some type of financial assistance, and 43% are Pell-eligible (meaning they come from low-income households.) Housing and food are two of the biggest issues for our student population.

That's why we're partnering with the Florida Chamber of Commerce and local businesses and community leaders to work towards reducing poverty and increasing prosperity in 32304, Florida’s most impoverished zip code.

32304 Student Scholarship Apply Here

32304 By The Numbers

56%

Residents with income below the poverty level

48.6%

Children living in poverty

23,772

Residents living below the poverty level

Root Causes of Poverty

Job Opportunities

A good job that provides a living wage also provides the resources and stability for individuals and their families to overcome a variety of socioeconomic challenges. Unfortunately, in a 2018 United Nations report, it was found that the U.S. as the highest rate of income inequality among Western countries "creating disparities in the education system, hampering human capital formation and eating into future productivity”. (Source

Data

  • 56% of residents' income is below the poverty level, compared to Leon County at 20.8%
  • The unemployment rate in 2019 in 32304 among residents 16 years or older was 14.3%
  • 95.7% of the 19,780 employees (Tallahassee MSA:174,800) living in 32304 work in Leon County
  • 682 are companies registered with either a physical address or tax address in 32304 and pay a total of $168,034,406 in wages
  • The median household income in 32304 is $23,638, compared to Leon County at $53,106, and Florida at $55,660

Promising Practices

  • Leon County Sheriff's Office has spearheaded the 1000 Jobs for 1000 Youth initiative to provide access to lucrative employment and reduce juvenile crime rates among at-risk youth
  • As the second largest employer in the Zip code, TCC offers a competitive benefits package and a minimum $12/hour for all full-time, regular employees

Education/Training

"Equity gaps exist in Florida and Florida’s global competitiveness depends on a quality education system. For the business community, a commitment to this education system must begin early." - The Florida Chamber of Commerce Prosperity Initiative

One of the primary reasons for poverty is lack of education. (Source) Early reading proficiency, particularly third grade reading levels, are linked to long-term educational outcomes: (1) eighth-grade reading performance, (2) ninth-grade course performance, (3) high school graduation, and (4) college attendance. Today, it is hard to earn a middle-class wage without a college degree or postsecondary career training. (Source)

Data

  • At John G. Riley Elementary School, the only elementary school in 32304, reports 76% of students are not at reading level, and 22% achieved Level 3 or above in the 3rd Grade Reading Florida Standards Assessment
  • Approximately 58% (28,915) of residents of 32304 are enrolled in college, either at the undergraduate or graduate level.
  • 3.7% of 18-24 year olds and nearly 14% of those over the age of 25 do not have a high school diploma

Access the Florida Gap Map, which identifies identify school level performance gaps so business and community leaders can focus resources on helping close those gaps. 

Promising Practices

  • TCC works with local school districts to provide education acceleration opportunities like summer bridge programs, coding academies, and dual enrollment courses
  • TCC2Work's Be Essential campaign highlights career training programs, some of which can be completed in 90 days or less right in 32304, that lead to high-wage, in-demand jobs.
  • TCC and Lively College both offer GED® preparation and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) in 32304
  • TCC provides scholarships to residents of 32304 and uses direct mail marketing and other targeted advertisement to promote access to college
  • ASPIRE local college access network priorities high impact practices that facilitate college access and achievement

Affordable Housing

According to the National Low Income Housing Coalition, there is no state or county in the U.S. where a renter working full-time at minimum wage can afford a two-bedroom apartment. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development defines cost-burdened families as those who pay more than 30% of their income.

Data

  • 87.7% of houses in 32304 are renter-occupied
  • The median household income in 32304 is $23,638 while median housing costs (rent or mortgage) are about $919 per month
  • Of the 6,888 households making less than $20,000 a year, 6,529 spend more than 30% of their income on rent or mortgage

Access the Harvard Joint Center for Housing Studies Cost-Burdened Housing Map

Promising Practices

  • Connecting Everyone with Second Chances income match strategy and software for affordable housing

Health Outcomes

Poverty can significantly impact an individual's health, across all demographics and throughout all life stages. If a family cannot secure adequate healthy food, clean water and safe housing, they usually do not have access to other necessities like healthcare and education. 

Read Poverty and Health - The Family Medicine Perspective

Read 'No access': Poor, isolated and forgotten, kids of 32304 see their health care compromised

Data

  • 10.1% of 32304 residents are without any type of healthcare coverage 
  • Between 2014 and 2018, 32304 had the highest reported number of babies born to moms without a high school education in Leon County: 268 births out of 1,756, or 15% (Source
  • According to a Center for Health Equity community needs survey, 32304 was most affected Zip code when it came to lack of access to preventative health services and health insurance (Source

Promising Practices

  • Riley Elementary offers free dental screenings for second graders
  • Community Action ensures that 100% of Head Start program participants have access to medical care within 30 days of being enrolled (Source
  • Dental hygiene students at TCC provide free basic dental care to the residents of the Kearney Center
  • Tallahassee Memorial Healthcare provides telehealth technology that brings healthcare to any neighborhood

Food Security

According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, food deserts are areas that have limited access to a suitable variety of fresh, healthy food, and are commonly located in neighborhoods with higher poverty rates. 

Data

  • In 32304, there are only two major grocery stores to serve 16 square miles.
  • Additionally, more than 2,200 households do not have access to a vehicle for transportation to and from the grocery store.

Access the USDA's Food Access Research Atlas

Read "Food Deserts in Leon County, FL: Disparate Distribution of Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program - Accepting Stores by Neighborhood Characteristics

Promising Practices

  • Second Harvest of the Big Bend supports food distribution events on TCC's main campus and throughout the community
  • Second Harvest is also exploring the opportunity for food distribution "lockers" which would allow access to emergency food supplies 24/7 for those in need

Safe Neighborhoods

Research shows that the higher the poverty rates and more concentrated disadvantaged populations are in any given neighborhood, the more likely they are to experience higher rates of violent crime. (Source) Higher crime rates in neighborhoods can affect everything from home insurance and real estate prices to business and the distribution of public resources.

Data

  • In 2019, there were 651 juvenile arrests in Leon County (Source: LCSO)
  • For every 100,000 people, Leon County had violent crime rate of 573 and a property crime rate of 3,272 in 2019 (Source

Promising Practices

  • “ALLin LEON” is a comprehensive plan to unify people, agencies, and organizations to work collaboratively to reduce crime in Leon County. 

Child & Family Care

Parents with children under the age of 18, particularly young children who cannot care for themselves yet, as well as caregivers of the elderly and disabled often need help in order to care for their loved ones while they work to support their families. Unfortunately, many care settings, particularly in low-income areas, are unable to provide an adequate level of education and/or medical care. (Source

Data

  • 2,000 households in 32304 have children under the age of 18
  • There are 290 grandparents in 32304 who are responsible children under the age of 18
  • 1,266 households in 32304 have at least one person over the age of 65
  • There are 8 childcare centers and 3 family child care providers listed publicly in 32304
  • Of those who live with a disability in 32304, 562 individuals have difficulties with self-care and1,098 have difficulties with independent living

Promising Practices

  • Capital Area Community Action Agency's Head Start program provides pre-school and Voluntary Pre-Kindergarten (VPK) at the Mabry Street Family & Child Enrichment Center
  • Boys and Girls Club of the Big Bend's "Springfield Club" provides after school and summer care that includes academic support, extracurricular enrichment, and the adult role models needed to become healthy, productive citizens

Justice Reform

Poverty is both a strong predictor of entry into the criminal justice system as well as an outcome. Unfortunately, jails and prisons are often used in response to difficult medical or economic social issues. A United Nations special report on extreme poverty and human rights found that the U.S. is particularly unique in its treatment of the poor in the criminal justice system, citing the use of the legal system to raise revenue rather than promoting justice, and how punishments like burdensome fines and fees, large bail amounts and  suspended licenses can disproportionately impact poor defendents. 

Data

  •  The recidivism rate in Leon County is approximately 45%

Promising Practices

  • TCC partners with the Florida Department of Corrections to provide a work release training program that allows returning citizens an opportunity to enroll in TCC's CDL program and secure employment while they're completing their sentences
  • Leon County Sheriff's Office Housing Dorms and Educational Center help inmates prepare for life after incarceration (Source)

Transportation

Access to reliable transportation ensures an individual can get a good job, go to the doctor's office, pick up groceries, and generally engage with a variety of community resources. While public transportation is one option, routes do not extend throughout the 32304 Zip code, or may be inconvenient when a sudden need arises like a medical emergency.

Data

  • 13% or 2,291 households in 32304 have no access to a vehicle for transportation

Agency & Community Voice

"To solve poverty, to fight an active and effective war on poverty, requires more than meeting material needs with cash and non-cash assistance; it requires genuine empowerment and a relief in equal measure of poverties of agency and status." -Thomas A. Bryer and Sofia Prysmakova-Rivera, Poor Participation (2018)

Too often, those impacted most by poverty have the least time and energy to devote to connecting with the resources that will help eliminate poverty, or if those resources do not exist, advocating on behalf of their community's needs. However, agency is critical for affecting lasting change.

 

 *If not otherwise cited, all data was obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau's 2019 American Community Survey (ZCTA5 32304)  

TCC's Work in 32304

Be Essential Campaign

TCC's Be Essential campaign highlights career training programs, some of which can be completed in 90 days or less, right in 32304. These programs lead to high-wage, in-demand jobs.

1

GED Provider

TCC offers GED® Test Preparation and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) Classes in 32304 on main campus. Scholarships are available for all participants.

2

Combating Homelessness

In addition to offering a tuition waiver to students experiencing homelessness, TCC also partners with the Kearney Center by providing free preventative dental care to the Center's residents, and emergency aid grants to students facing eviction.

3

Coding Academy for Youth

TCC connects underprivileged, underrepresented students from Riley Elementary and Griffin Middle Schools to coding and entrepreneurship curriculum and mentorship in order to cultivate critical thinking, problem-solving and technical skills.

4

Food Security

To combat food insecurity among students and in the community, TCC serves as a Second Harvest distribution site, hosts frequent special event meal giveaways, and supports Talon's Market, a full-service pantry on campus.

5

Employer of Choice

As a top employer in 32304, TCC's vision is to be an "Employer of Choice" includes offering a competitive benefits package and a minimum wage of $12/hour for all full-time, regular employees.

6

Affordability

In addition to being a top colleges in the nation, TCC is also one of the most affordable. TCC's tuition is the fourth lowest in the state among all Florida College System Institution.

7

Business Support

TCC offers a wide variety of support services and trainings for local businesses right here in 32304. These include conference and event space, organizational development, leadership training and participation in our advisory councils.

8

Increasing College Awareness

For spring 2021, TCC targeted a direct mail campaign to 15,500 households in 32304 which resulted in a 23% increase in enrollment from the prior spring.

9